What is gum disease?
Gum disease is a disease that affects the gum tissues and the bone beneath the gums. It’s caused by bacteria which live in the mouth that can attach to the teeth and cause irritation to the gums.
There are two main types of gum disease – gingivitis and periodontitis.
Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease which affects just the soft tissues of the gums. When this develops into a more destructive form it becomes periodontitis.
Periodontitis affects the gum tissues as well as the bone beneath it. Damage caused by peridontitis is irreversible.
How to spot gum disease:
Some common signs of gums disease that you can look out for are:
- Bad breath
- Bleeding gums whilst brushing or flossing
- Swollen or puffy gums
- Gum recession
- Loose teeth or teeth drifting apart
It’s important to remember that as gum disease is not usually painful it may go unnoticed until it’s at an advanced stage. Many people don’t even know they have gum disease which is why it’s so important to make regular visits to your Smilepod dentist.
What happens if gum disease it is not treated?
If left untreated your gums can start to come away from your teeth and this can cause “pockets” which harbor bacteria. This also leads to the loss of bone beneath the gums. Once enough bone is lost you may notice even more gaps between the teeth and your teeth may start to feel loose or even fall out. As gum disease progresses it get more and more difficult to treat and many of the effects are permanent.