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Dr Carine explains Gum Recession

London dentist Dr Carine discusses gum recession

Gum recession Overview

Healthy gums are generally coral pink in colour and firm around the teeth. You might see individual variations due to your gum thickness, teeth position and pigmentation. Healthy gums should not bleed when you brush your teeth. If your gums bleed when you brush, make an appointment with your Smilepod dentist so we can find out what is causing this and recommend a treatment to keep your teeth and gums healthily.




Gum recession is when the roots of the teeth are exposed. This can make it look like your teeth are elongated. It is when the gingival tissues are located more towards the apexes of the teeth roots.

Receeding gums are common in people who need to improve their oral health techniques but there can be a number of other factors which increase your risk of gum recession. The elderly tend to have significantly more prevalent, extensive and severe cases of gum recession.

Factors that can cause gum recession:

Gum inflammation
If teeth are not properly cleaned it leads to a build up of harmful plaque. When bacteria builds up on the gum line it can lead to sore and inflamed gums. Untreated this can cause gingivitis and then periodontal problem which will lead to receding gums and dental problems. Regular teeth cleans are necessary to remove the build up of this harmful plaque.

Brushing too hard
A scrubbing or fierce brushing technique with a hard bristles toothbrush can lead teeth to recede. Use an electric toothbrush, such as a Phillips Sonicare, to gently clean teeth and massage the gum areas. Do not scrub at teeth! Choose a toothbrush or toothbrush head with soft bristles.

Genetics
Unfortunately you might have wonderful oral hygiene techniques and still be prone to gum recession due to nothing more than genetics. If your parents have receding gums you might have also inherited characteristics such as a high insertion of the labial frenum, thin and narrow gum tissues. See your dentist to discuss the best way to manage gum recession.

Crooked Teeth
When teeth are non-aligned or crooked they don’t close together evenly. Over time this puts strain on the gums and bone which allows gums to begin receding. Crooked teeth can also be harder to clean which can lead to a faster build-up of plaque and calculus and cause gum inflammation and recession. If you are worried about this there are solutions such as regular dental cleanings. You can also look into orthodontic solutions to correct your crooked teeth such as Invisalign, lingual braces etc.

Grinding
Clients with a stressful job might be more prone to grinding teeth in the night. Common symptoms include headaches and jaw pain. Grinding and clenching can cause gum recession and dental damage so if you suspect you might be grinding at night speak to your dentist who can get you a night guard to prevent dental damage.

Injury
Any injury to your mouth or jaw can cause gums to recede. If you have recently had a dental injury or trauma speak to your dentist about managing potential gum recession.

Next steps

Receded gums do not grow back to the original position so seeking professional help and advice is important to manage gum recession.

Smilepod are here to offer advice, diagnose the cause and if needed apply measurements to stop your gums from receding further.

Your dentist will work with you to carefully devise the best treatment and prevention plan keeping you fully informed. Your dentist will also help you measure and improve your gum health score.

In more severe cases if gums have receded, ask your dentist about “gum grafts” which can be used

Book an appointment with Dr Carine


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